A United Nations resolution (UN resolution) is a formal text adopted by a United Nations (UN) body. Most resolutions are issued by the Security Council or the General Assembly.
On 31st of October 2000, Resolution 1325 was adopted by the Security Council. Bosnia and Herzegovina adopted its national action plan on the 27th of July 2010, the first Balkan state to do so.
This resolution states the “important role of women in the prevention of conflicts and in peace building, and stressing the importance of their equal participation and full involvement in all efforts for the maintenance and promotion of peace and security, and the need to increase their role in decision making with regard to conflict prevention and resolution….”
But why should women be involved in the prevention and resolution of conflicts:
- Women and girls have different experiences of conflicts
- Women can offer a fresh perspective and alternative ideas during conflict and post conflict situations
- Women and children are always he most affected group in the conflict
- Women have an important role in the prevention of conflicts and in peace building
Priority gender-specific provisions in peace accords are women’s physical security and human rights guarantees. UNIFEM (part of UN Women) review of 24 major peace agreements done in 1992-2008 shows that only 2.5% of signatories of these agreements were women.
Good governance requires equal participation and full involvement of women in all efforts for the maintenance and promotion of peace and security.
One of the things that women need in Bosnia and Herzegovina is a chance to participate and to be involved in the planning of their country’s future. Women don’t just need to know about UNSCR1325, women need to be empowered to implement it. Women and men need to work together to not only raise awareness about this important resolution, but to emphasize the urgent need for women’s voices to be heard and their ideas incorporated throughout the post-conflict process.
The law on entitlement of civilian victims of war to governmental support was spurred on by women activists, who gathered 50,000 signatures to push for greater recognition and relief for women victims of sexual violence during the war in which women were subjected to mass rape and forced pregnancies, as well as UNSC Resolution 1325 calling for increased assistance for women in post-conflict societies.
Despite the success there are, however, shortcomings in terms of implementation of the law with respect to the principle of non-discrimination. The renewed initiative by the Ministry of Human Rights and Refugees to formulate a national strategy on reparation is therefore of huge significance. It raises the hope that women subjected to sexual violence and torture during the war will eventually have their needs recognized fully in a non-discriminatory manner and their dignity restored.